General structure of the DTC

Control of Fuel Cells-Electric Vehicle Based on Direct Torque Control

Djamila Rekioua, Zahra Mokrani, Toufik Rekioua


In this paper, proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cell electric vehicle is presented as a solution to overcome the alarming pollution problems caused by the conventional internal combustion engine vehicles. To improve the performances of the electric vehicle, the direct torque control (DTC) is applied to the induction machine. It allows us to obtain higher performances with an increasing dependency of the electrical parameters. The use of the PEM fuel cells and the introduction of advanced controls to the DTC results in improved performance of the electric vehicle. The modeling of the whole system is also provided. Obtained results under MATLAB/Simulink was used the compute the performance values of the electric vehicle.

Full Text:



F. Tazerart, Z. Mokrani, D. Rekioua, and T. Rekioua, Direct torque control implementation with losses minimization of induction motor for electric vehicle applications with high operating life of battery, Intern. Jour. of Hydrogen Energy, 39, 13827-38, (2015).

Z. Mokrani, D. Rekioua, T. Rekioua, Modeling, Control and Power Management of Hybrid Photovoltaic Fuel Cells with Battery Bank Supplying Electric Vehicle, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 39(27), 15178-87, (2014).

V. Oldenbroek, L. A Verhoef, and Ad. J. M. Van Wijk, Fuel cell electric vehicle as a power plant: Fully renewable integrated transport and energy system design and analysis for smart city areas, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 42(12), 8166-96, (2017).

X. Lian, Wang, and J. Song, Fuel consumption optimization for smart hybrid electric vehicle during a car-following process, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 87, 17-29, (2017).

D. Rekioua, E. Matagne, Optimization of photovoltaic power systems: Modelization, Simulation and Control, Green Energy and Technology, 102, (2012).

N. Mebarki, T. Rekioua, Z. Mokrani, and D. Rekioua, Supervisor control for stand-alone photovoltaic/ hydrogen/ battery bank system to supply energy to an electric vehicle, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 39, 13777-88, (2015).

S. G. Buja, Direct torque control of PWM inverter-Fed AC motor-a survey, IEEE Trans. Industrial Electronics, 4744-57, (2004).

A. Haddoun, M. Benbouzid, D. Diallo, R. Abdessemed, J. Ghouili, and K. Srairi, A Loss-Minimization DTC Scheme for EV Induction Motor, IEEE Trans on Vehicular Technology, 56(1), 81-88, (2007).

Z. Keliang, J.A. Ferreira , S.W.H. de Haan, Optimal energy management strategy and system sizing method for stand-alone photovoltaic-hydrogen systems, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 33(2), 477-489, (2008).

D. Rekioua, S. Bensmail, N. Bettar, Study of hybrid photovoltaic/fuel cell system for stand-alone applications, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 39(3), 13820-26. (2014).

Y. Liu , X. Wu, L. Huang, SVPWM method for performance improvement of direct torque control, Qinghua Daxue Xuebao/Journal of Tsinghua University, 44 (7), 869-872, (2004).

N. Cui, C. Zhang, Z. Lu, K. Li, Fast torque response control of high efficiency drives in electric vehicles based on voltage space vector, Diangong Jishu Xuebao/Transactions of China Electrotechnical Society, 24(3) , 61-66, (2009).

D. Rekioua, T. Rekioua, DSP-controlled direct torque control of induction machines based on modulated hysteresis control, Proceedings of the International Conference on Microelectronics, ICM, art. no. 5418603, 378-381, (2009).

R. Abdelli, D. Rekioua, T. Rekioua, A. Tounzi. Improved direct torque control of an induction generator used in a wind conversion system connected to the grid; ISA Transactions, 52(4). 525-538, (2013).

S. Jiangua, C. Quanshi. Research of Electric Vehicle IM Controller Based on Space Vector Modulation Direct Torque Control, Proceeding of the Eighth International Conference on Electric Machine and Systems ICEMS, vol. 2, 1617-20, (2005).

R. Toufouti, S. Meziane, H. Benalla, Direct Torque Control for Induction Motor Using Fuzzy Logic, ACSE Journal, 6(2),19-26, (2006).

H. Ehsan, A. K. Davood, DTC-SVM Scheme for Induction Motors Fed with a Three-level Inverter, World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology, vol. 44, 168-172, (2008).

S. M. Gadoue, D. Giaouris, J. W. Finch, Artificial Intelligence-Based Speed Control of DTC Induction Motor Drives- a Comparative Study, Electric Power System Research, 79, 210-19, (2009).

J. Q. Yang, J. Huan, Direct Torque Control System for Induction Motors with Fuzzy Speed PI Regulator, IEEE Proceeding of the fourth International Conference on Machine Learning and Cybernetics, Guangzhou, vol. 2, 778-783, (2005).

S. Gowrishankar, K. Kirshnamoorthi, Speed Control of Induction Motor Using PI and Fuzzy Controller, Journal of Innovative Research and Solution (JIRAS), 1A(2). 50-57, (2013).

Y. Goa, J. Wang, X. Qiu, The Improvement of DTC System Performance on Fuzzy Control, 3rd International Conference on Environmental Science and Information Application Technology, vol. 10, 589-584, (2011).

S. Tamalouzt, N. Benyahia, T. Rekioua, D. Rekioua, R. Abdessemed, Performances analysis of WT-DFIG with PV and fuel cell hybrid power sources system associated with hydrogen storage hybrid energy system, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 41(45), 21006-21, (2016).

L. Yen-Shin, L. Juo-Chiun, New Hybrid Fuzzy Controller for Direct Torque Control Induction Motor Drives, IEEE Trans. Power Electronics , vol. 18, No. 5, 1211-19, (2003).

S. Sharma, O. P. Jaga, and S. K. Maury, Modeling and Control Strategies for Energy Management System in Electric Vehicles, Perspectives in Science, vol. 8, 358-360, (2006).

S. Taraft, D. Rekioua , D. Aouzellag , S. Bacha , A proposed strategy for power optimization of a wind energy conversion system connected to the grid Energy Conversion and Management, 101 , 489-502 (2015).

F. Barrero, Gonzâlez, A. Torralba, E. Galvân, L. G Franquelo, Speed control of induction motor using fuzzy sliding-mode structure, IEEE Trans. Fuzzy Systems, 3375-83, (2004).

J. J. Cathey, Electric Machines: Analysis and Design Applying Matlab, McGraw Hill, (2001).

Z. Salleh, F. A. Patakor, A. N. A. Rashid, Study on parameter determination for 1.5kW AC induction motor, Conference: Seminar Penyelidikan Zon Utara 2013, At: Politeknik Tuanku Syed Sirajuddin, (2013).


Copyright (c) 2018 Turkish Journal of Electromechanics and Energy

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Indexed in: