Physical Structure, Electrical Design, Mathematical Modeling and Simulation of Solar Cells and Modules

Mustafa Ergin Şahin, Halil İbrahim Okumuş


In this study, the general physical structure, specifications and types of solar cells as well as their manufacturing processes, and mathematical model have been reviewed, in detail. This study is a complementary work to authors’ previous study which captured considerable interest in literature. Matlab/Simulink software based simulation of Photovoltaic (PV) model has been visually programmed; and current-voltage (I-V) and power-voltage (P-V) characteristics have been obtained for different number of series and parallel connected cells at different temperature values. The simulation results have been compared with theoretical results for the modeled solar cell. Results showed that the model established is quite well in agreement with the theoretical results and it is possible to apply the model to other hybrid systems. The model can also be used as a reference by solar cell manufacturers and in the experimental studies. 

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