Investigation of the Effects of Cutting Parameters on Diameter Deviation in Drilling of HSLA Steel



In this study, effect of cutting parameters on the diameter deviation was experimentally investigated in drilling of high strength low alloy (HSLA) material. In the experiments, TiAlN coated and uncoated drills with a diameter of 8 mm and 130 ° point and 30 ° helix angle were used. Three different feed rates (0.05-0.075-0.1 mm / rev) and cutting speed (10-26-42 m / min) were determined as cutting parameters. As a result of the study, it was found that in the experiments with both cutting tools, the diameter deviation increases with the increase of the feed rate and cutting speed and the TiAlN coated drills perform better than the uncoated drills.

Full Text:



A.P. Coldren, G. Tither, Development of a Mn-Si-Cr-Mo As-Rolled Dual Phase Steel, Journal of Metals, 30, 6-9, (1978).

M. Erdogan, The Effect of Austenite Dispersion on Phase Transformation in Dual Phase Steels, Scripta Materialia, 48(5), 501-506, (2003).

M. Dzupon, L. Parilak, M. Kollarova, I. Sinaiova, Dual Phase Ferrite-Martensitic Steel Micro Alloyed With V-Nb, Metalurgija, 46(1),15-20, 2007.

M. Türkmen, G. Süleyman, Martensite morphology and strain aging behaviours in intercritically treated low carbon steel, Ironmaking & Steelmaking, 38(5), 346-352, 2011.

M. Arcolar, High Strength Low Alloy (HSLA) for Cold Forming, Automotive Worldwide, Extract from the Product Catalogue-European Edition, (2008).

J. Kadkhodapour, A. Butz, S., Ziaei Rad, Mechanisms of void formation during tensile testing in a commercial, dual-phase steel, Acta Materialia, 59(7), 2575-2588, (2011).

W.C. Chen, C.C. Tsao, Cutting performance of different coated twist drills, Journal of Material Processing Technology, 88(1-3), 203-207, (1999).

H. Zhao, Predictive models for forces, power and hole oversize in drilling operations, Ph.D. Thesis, University of Melbourne, Australia, (1994).

H.L. Tonshoff, W. Spintig, W. Konig, A. Neises, Machining of Holes Developments in Drilling Technology, Annals of the CIRP, 43(2), 551-560, (1994).

R. Li, A. J. Shih, Finite element modeling of high-throughput drilling of Ti-6Al-4V, Transactions of NAMRI/SME, 35, 73-80, (2007).

T. Kıvak, cutting tools on drillability Ti-6Al-4V alloy, Gazi University Graduate School of Natural and Applied Sciences, PhD. Thesis, Ankara, (2012).

F.J. Da Silva, D.D. Franco, A. R. Machado, E.O. Ezugwu, A.M. Souza Jr, Performance of cryogenically treated HSS tools, Wear, 261(5-6), 674-685, (2006).

V. Braic, C.N. Zotia, M. Balaceanu, A. Kiss, A. Vladescu, A. Popescu, M. Braic, TiAlN/TiAlZrN Multilayered Hard Coatings For Enhanced Performance of HSS Drilling Tools, Surface & Coatings Technology, 204(12-13), 1925-1928, (2010).

A.K. Chattopadhyay, P. Roya, A. Ghosh, S.K. Sarangi, Wettability and Machinability Study of Pure Aluminium Towards Uncoated and Coated Carbide Investigation of the effect of cryogenic treatment applied on Cutting Tool İnserts, Surface & Coatings Technology, 203(8), 941-951, (2009).

S. Coromant, Modern Metal Cutting, Sandvikens Tryckeri, 2-61, Sweden, (1994).

İ. Özkul, B.B. Buldum, A. Akkurt, Regression Modeling Of Cutting Parameters’ Effect To Cutting Forces And Hole Surface Qualities In Drilling Of Dievar Hot Work Tool Steel, Pamukkale University Journal of Engineering Sciences, 19(1), 1-9, (2013).

S. Yağmur, A. Acır, U. Şeker, Investigation of Cutting Parameters Effects and Coating Application to Deviation Circularity (Ovality) in Drilling of AISI 1050 Steel, Journal of Polytechnic, 16(3), 105-109, (2013).

T. Kıvak, A. Çiçek, İ. Uygur, N.A. Özbek, Effects of Single Layer and Multi-Layer Coatings on Hole Quality in Drilling of AISI 316 Austenitic Stainless Steel, 3. National Symposium on Machining, 28-34, Ankara, (2012).

C.S. Deng, J.H. Chin, Hole roundness in deep-hole drilling as analyzed by Taguchi methods, International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, 25(5), 420-426, (2005).

H. Endo, T. Murahashi, E. Marui, Accuracy estimation of drilled holes with small diameter and influence of drill parameter on the machining accuracy when drilling in mild steel sheet, International Journal of Machine Tools & Manufacture, 47(1), 175-181, (2007).

K. Ogawa, E. Aoyama, H. Inoue, T. Hirogaki, H. Nobe, Y. Kitahara, T. Katayama, M. Gunjima, Investigation on cutting mechanism in small diameter drilling for GFFW (thrust force and surface roughness at drilled hole wall), Composite Structures, 38(1-4), 343-350, (1997).

C. Han-Ming, L. Shin-Min, Y. Lieh-Dai, Machining characteristic study of friction drilling on AISI 304 stainless steel, Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 207(1-3), 180-186, (2008).

G. Tosun, M. Muratoglu, The drilling of Al/SiC metal–matrix composites. Part II: workpiece surface integrity, Composites Science and Technology, 64(10-11), 1413-1418, (2004).

Y. Siyambaş, Y. Turgut, Experimental Investigating of Effects on Thrust Force and Moment of Cutting Parameters on Drilling of Steel HSLA DIN EN 10149, Electronic Journal of Machine Technologies, 12(2), 41-49, 2015.

G. Meral, M. Sarıkaya, H. Dilipak, The optimization of cutting of parameters in drilling processes by Taguchi method, Erciyes University Journal of Natural and Applied Science, 27(4), 332-338, (2011).

Ş. Bayraktar, Y. Turgut, Investigation of the cutting forces and surface roughness in milling carbon fiber reinforced polymer composite material, Materiali in Technologije, 50(4), 591-600, (2016).

M. Günay, E. Yücel, Application of Taguchi method for determining optimum surface roughness in turning of high-alloy white cast iron, Measurement, 46(2), 913-919, (2013).

Y.H. Chen, S.C. Tam, W.L. Chen, H.Y. Zhengy, Application of Taguchi Method in the Optimization of Laser Micro-Engraving of Photomasks, International Journal of Materials & Product Technology, 11(3-4), 333-344, (1996).

Ş. Bayraktar, Y. Turgut, Optimization of Cutting Force, Surface Roughness and Burr Height in Milling of Al-5083 Alloy, 7th International Symposium On Machining, 24-34, İstanbul, Turkey, (2016).

Ş. Bayraktar, Investigating of Effects on Thrust Force and Burr Height of Cutting Parameters in Dry Drilling of Al-5083 Alloy, 16th International Materials Symposium (IMSP’2016), At Pamukkale University Congress and Culture Center, 64-74, Denizli- Turkey, (2016).

H. Dilipak, V. Yılmaz, Investigation of Vibrations and Statistical Analysis in Milling of AISI 1050 Steel With Carbide Tools, Journal of the Faculty of Engineering and Architecture of Gazi University, 27(2), 285-294, 2012.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.